Korean has rapidly transformed its economy with export led growth. Starting as an exporter of low cost, labor intensive manufactures such as garments in the mid 1960s. Korea became well known as an exporter of ships, steel, and construction service by the late 1970s, even challenging some established suppliers in industrial countries. By the mid 1980s, korea had also made its mark in more technology and knowledge intensive industries such as automobiles and electronics, including semiconductors and computers. Korea is now the world’s fourth larges producer of electronics, behind the United States, Japan, and Germany.
Korea is the world’s third larges producers of dynamic random access memories (DRAMs) an advenced semiconductor product. Its mastery of advances semiconductor manufacturing is regarded by some writers as a landmark in Korean economic development. Samsung, the well known Korean conglomerate, rangked the world’s fifth larges producers of DRAMs in 1991, and is expected to be world’s largest by year 2000. Korean has also made impressive strides in acquiring and mastering technological capabilities for producing computers and peripherals it is now a significant exporter o computers tobe United States and Western Europe. Futhermore, Korea has built up fairly advanced capabilities in telecommunications technology. The development of time division electronic switching (TDX) technology, for examples is a milestone in Korea’s technological developmnet.
Korea is also amongst industrializing countries that apply informations technology (IT) as a generic technology, and as an essential infrastructure. The country has 222 mainframe computers per milion persons as much higher ratio than other industrializing countries. As with other East Asian newly industrializing economies such as Taiwan (China)and Singapore. Korea’s public sector in a main user of IT. In the privates sector, manufacturing, especially computer automated producing and planning, is emergency as a key user. Confronted with the erotion of the advantageof cheap labor, most privete entrepreneurs have realized that factory automation is key to international competitiveness. A recent survey of manufacturing firms showed that more than half had deployedcomputer aided design and computer aided manufacturing systems.
Korea had 28.3 telephone lines per 100 persons in 1989, a high thing level for industrializing country, allowing access to a range of service including faximile and data bases. Providers of value added services, who do not own a network but use the basicnetwork have emerged and rae growing rapidly. As are Taiwan (China), and Singapore, Korea is entering a new phrase of informations and communication characterized by online dissemination through commercial network and vendors, strengthening of the private data base industry, and the dereglation and privazation of state telecommunicatioon service (Lee 1992).
In contrast to basic communications (such as telephone and telegraphservices), specialized services (data bases, data processing, and data communications) are still in their infancy, but are growing rapidly. In the late 1970s to early 1980s, many government organizations began using computerized data bases for administrative purposes. The number of subcribers to data base services has grown, from just 145 in 1985 to 5,325 in 1989. Similarly, subcribers to data communication network rose from 443 to 5,082 in the same period.
The leading role in Korea’s informatic sector has been played by the private sector, perticularly the large business conglomerates,. The private sector’s early experience with consumer electronics and its agressive strategy to acquire and adapt foreign technology have been key to its rapid mastery of IT related capability. The government has played a crucial role in this process.
LINTANG CAHYANING RATRI_125150300111023