Has been reported previously, recently Microsoft has introduced a gaming console Xbox One that is predicted to be a tough competitor for the PlayStation 4. But which is better?Let’s look at a comparison PlayStation 4 vs Xbox One. Continue reading
Since its release late in 2010, the Intel second generation Core i Sandy Bridge architecture gain success in both the desktop and mobile markets. High performance in its class with a commensurate price and also relatively low power consumption is a factor of the success of this processor. Not only that, the type of Sandy Bridge processors are varied (from Celeron to Core i7) processor make this audience not only among users with a fat wallet but also users with limited funds. Therefore, it is not surprising that almost all computer users want this processor is in their system.
Over a year has passed, it’s time to pull out Intel successors. Equipped with the latest generation architecture named Ivy Bridge, Intel third-generation Core i ever try to repeat the success achieved by the second generation i prosesorCore. Is this processor is able to do so? While waiting for an answer, which may not be answered some time to come, let’s see what the latest technology available in the Intel Ivy Bridge processors and supporting components.
Intel Core i processor third generation features the latest-generation architecture named Ivy Bridge. Ivy Bridge architecture is a refinement of the previous architecture, Sandy Bridge. As seen in the picture above, Ivy Bridge is a “Tick” of the scheme “Tik Tok” which used Intel. In phase “Tik”, Intel’s latest fabrication processes apply where in this case, Ivy Bridge manufactured with 22 nm fabrication process plus the latest technology 3D Tri-Gate transistors.
No different than Sandy Bridge,Ivy Bridge memory controller still supports DDR3 memory type with dual-channel configuration. Even so, in Ivy Bridge memory controller supports memory speeds higher than Sandy Bridge.
Following the lead of Sandy Bridge E processors, Ivy Bridge PCI Express controller is now equipped with the third generation. PCIe 3.0 controller is capable of providing a total bandwidth per lane of 8GT / s (1GB / s), while the number of PCIe lanes that can be provided by the Ivy Bridge is 16 units.
Types and Specifications
Welcoming the launch of Ivy Bridge, Intel has been preparing for the twenty types of Intel Core i processors third generation. For platformdesktop, there are fourteen types and six types of mobile platforms. Below we list the list of lines i third generation IntelCore processor and its specifications.
- Core i7 and Core i5. The second fundamental difference lies in the processor serial number of threads and the size of L3-cache.
- Only processors with a suffix letter K that has a processor that is not locked multiplier. One of the interesting things from the line of Ivy Bridge processors is the price range (MSRP online) Ivy Bridge processors apparently not much different from the current Sandy Bridge processors, with the same specifications. Of course this opens up the possibility that the line of Sandy Bridge processors will experience a price cut. Interesting, is not it?
Intel made some changes in Ivy Bridge overclocking features. Some of these are now enhanced value of the processor multiplier to 63, support memory speeds up to 2667 MHz, support XMP Memory Profile version 1.3, and others. Even so, Ivy Bridge is not unlike Sandy Bridge where overclock by raising the BCLK value remains quite difficult to do. Overclocking with standard cooling can increase the range of 5-7 MHz BCLK only of normal values 100 MHz (105-107 MHz be).
One way to do overclocking in Ivy Bridge is using an Intel Core i processor 3xxx series K because it has not locked multiplier processor.
The Xbox One is an upcoming video game console from Microsoft. Announced May 21, 2013, it is the successor to the Xbox 360 and the third console in the Xbox family of consoles. The Xbox One will directly compete with Sony‘s PlayStation 4 and Nintendo‘s Wii U, as part of the eighth-generation of video game consoles.
Similar to the PlayStation 4, the Xbox One will feature compatibility with the x86-64 instruction set. Also, the Xbox One is first in the line of Xbox consoles to feature a Blu-ray Disc drive, as well as 8 GB of unified memory in the form of high performance DDR3.
The Xbox One has an APU with eight x86-64 cores, 8 GB of DDR3 RAM with a memory bandwidth of 68.3 GB/s, a 500 GB non-replaceable hard drive,[ and a Blu-ray Disc optical drive. 3 GB of the RAM will be reserved for apps and OS, leaving 5 GB for games. Thegraphics processing unit (GPU) is based on an AMD GCN architecture with 12 compute units, which have a total of 768 cores, providing a estimated peak theoretical power of 1.23 TFLOPS.
The Xbox One will support 4K resolution (3840×2160) video output and 7.1 surround sound. Yusuf Mehdi, corporate vice president of marketing and strategy for Microsoft, has stated that there is no hardware restriction that would prevent games from running at 4K resolution. The Xbox One will support HDMI 1.4 for both input and output. The Xbox One does not have a video output for either composite video orcomponent video.
The new version of the Kinect will be included with the Xbox One. The console will not work if the Kinect motion sensing device is disconnected.
The Xbox One will allow instant and simultaneous access to movies, live TV, music, and Internet Explorer.
Set-top box integration
Microsoft will introduce a feature that allows its next generation console take over a TV and set-top box in similar way to Google TV. The Xbox One will take a cable box signal and pass it through to the TV via HDMI, allowing Microsoft’s console to overlay a UI and feature on top of an existing TV channel.
The console will feature a similar, albeit richer set of voice control abilities than those found in the first generation Kinect. This will allow users to control Xbox functions via voice command. All voice control will be coordinated through the Kinect, and with this ability Skype will also become a function of the new Xbox.
The Xbox One controller maintains the overall layout found in the Xbox 360 design. The directional pad has been changed to a four-way design, and the battery compartment is slimmer. New buttons have replaced the start and back buttons, though their purpose isn’t yet known. Each trigger will also feature independent rumble motors called “Impulse Triggers”, which allows developers to program directional vibration. One trigger can be made to vibrate when firing a gun, or both can work together to create feedback that indicates the direction of an incoming hit. It remains to be seen exactly how developers will use the new feature, however.
The new Kinect will have “wake with voice” for the Xbox console. It will have a 1080p camera compared to the VGA sensor on the original Kinect. It employs a time-of-flight camera to acquire RGB-Depth data compared to the light coding technology (patented by PrimeSense) used in the original Kinect. The new motion controller would process 2 Gbit/s of data to accurately read its environment. The device will be included with the console, themicrophone will always be on,and will need to be plugged in for the console to function. However, users retain the software capability to turn off all Kinect functions while the sensor remains connected to the console.
The following titles were confirmed to be in development for Xbox One:
Kitara is a digital guitar made by Misa Digital Instruments. The latest technology is a guitar without strings like a guitar shaped like a general who also has a 24 fret. Uniquely, this instrument has no strings on the body. And what it might say? Calm down… As expressed earlier that this is a digital guitar. To replace the string function on each fret has invested six useful buttons execute the desired tone. Moreover, in other parts of the body that is the place that we use to strum the strings have embedded a touch screen 8 “which is used to pluck a guitar string. Therein Software also offers advanced features which we can choose different sounds because there are 100 unique digital sound that can played with six different types of sound effects, of course, with variations of the game. Together these tools we are free to experiment creating unique tones as they pleased.
There are two variants of this product is offered Kitara made from ABS Polymer for U.S. $ 849 or Kitara Limited Edition at a price of U.S. $ 2,899 made from Aluminium. Given the price range that far adrift of both, the company gave a bonus for each purchase Photobook Kitara Limited Edition, which contains the history of Kitara journey from the initial idea to tangible products digital guitar that is ready to be played. In addition to the all-digital concept, this tool also has the advantage of ease of standardization because the tone can be set automatically so we do not need to bother pull-pull strings like a guitar in general.
Are you wondering what to do with old computers? Disposal of old computers can be a complicated task, especially because the procedure is safe and proper disposal is not as simple as throwing the computer into the trash. Personal computer contains a lot of information about the owner, and not all components of a home computer is safe for the environment. This guide provides information about various old computer disposal options, so while enjoying a new computer, you can enjoy it in peace and comfort.
The things to keep in mind:
- Identity theft is a very real risk when you dispose of a computer, but if you are careful and did not leave any information that can be identified on the hard drive of the computer. Computer programs that meet Department of Defense standards for the elimination of information already available, you can also read more about computer security from the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the Code of Sanitation Media.
- Many people choose to get rid of an old computer hard drive just before the throw. Never assume that your information has been successfully removed except when using software or physical removal to get rid of the drive.
- Computers contain harmful substances, so do not just throw your old computer into the trash. National Geographic magazine to illustrate environmental hazardous components in a color-coded guide outlining seven different toxic substances. Many waste disposal companies that prohibit the discharge of old computers through regular waste collection, so that alternative methods may be required. This is one good reason to consider the environment when you make a choice.
- Do not throw away old computers without considering the components that can be recycled. Even if the need to upgrade the system, mouse, keyboard, monitor and other hardware may not be compatible with your new machine. Not only is this a great way to save money when buying a new computer, but also reduce unnecessary waste and making disposal computers become faster and easier because fewer materials are to be removed.
Positive methods of disposal of old computer:
- Consider donating your old computer to a school or local library, which might be in desperate need of an extra engine. It allows you to give back to the community, and donations can reduce your taxes you can also contact the non-profit groups, such as Computer organization With Causes that donate computers, laptop and iPad * for distribution to global education programs, community centers, Veterans program and much more.
- Recycling centers often have special programs for the disposal of old computers and other technological waste. This option helps reduce computer waste in landfills, and ensure that dumped toxic components in an adequate way.
- A number of small businesses that deal with computer sales, repair and service offering trade-in program for old obsolete computers are still functioning. These programs often give in store credit or cash to buy a personal computer. Knowing how to get rid of an old computer in exchange for money can help you finance the purchase of your new computer while safely get rid of the old.
- If you prefer to give the method for disposal of old computer and want to make sure your computer is used by people in need, why not consult with friends and family before donating or recycling your machine? As an alternative, you can look at the free classifieds website, like Freecycle and Craigslist, to individuals in your community who need a personal computer. Previously, make sure to get rid of your hard drive or delete personal information before you give your machine.
Name of SSD (Solid State Drive) may have started often heard our ears, especially the presence of an increasingly popular Ultrabook platform helped boost the popularity of SSDs as a storage medium.
SSD itself is a chip-based storage media that type of non-volatile Flash memory. What is a non-volatile memory? Non-volatile memory allows the data stored on the SSD is not lost even if power is lost.
While that type violatile will lose data when the power outages, such as memory RAM (Random Access Memory).
Flash-based SSD storage media was first introduced in 1995 taahun by M-Systems and is now starting to be used widely by computer users and the enterprise.
SSDs are now starting to be applied in a thin and light laptops like the MacBook Air and Ultrabook and replace the hard drive as the storage medium.
SSD MLC vs SLC
In general SSD on the market consists of two types, namely SLC (Single Level Cell) and MLC (Multi Level Cell). Both SLC and MLC SSDs manifold each having advantages and disadvantages of each.
SSD uses MLC flash type usually priced cheaper than SLC SSD manifold. MLC-based SSD is capable of storing 3 bits of data so that the cost per gigabyte is cheaper than SLC SSD type.
SLC type SSD are more expensive when compared to SSD MLC types. One of the advantages of SLC type SSD is a data transfer rate is very high, low power consumption and age of higher memory cells.
SLC SSD type is usually used for military purposes, there namunj space missions are also being sold commercially. While MLC SSD type was the most widely sold commercial among regular users.
Solid State Drive (SSD) vs. HDD
The presence of this SSD is expected to soon replace hard drive storage media which is still used by the majority of home users.
Large companies such as Google, Dropbox, Amazon and Facebook have started to adopt SSDs to gradually replace hard drive in the server and their data center.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Solid State Drive compared to the hard drive? Here are the advantages and disadvantages of SSDs compared to hard drives, quoted from Wikipedia.
- faster access time and low latency, this will make SSD performance is very fast when searching the data.
- Do not make a sound when working, it is because SSDs have no mechanical parts (moving) while working.
- Power consumption is smaller than a conventional hard drive.
- More resistant to shock, vibration and temperature changes.
- SSD has a lighter weight and thinner shape, making it suitable to be used in such thin ultrabook laptop.
- flash-based SSD has a life cycle that the read / write so that its age is estimated to be shorter than the hard drive.
- Prices are more expensive than hard drives in the same capacity. 500GB SSD is currently the range of $ 500 or approximately Rp. 5 Million,
but with money Rp. 3 million only to the hard drive with a capacity of 5x as much, 3TB.
Those that combine an SSD with a hard drive called a hard drive in the form of a hybrid hard drive is equipped SSD to improve the access and speed of data transfer.
Currently there are a variety of commercially available SSD brands like Kingston, Adata, Corsair, OCZ, Samsung and many more. Commercially available SSD capacities ranging from 32GB to 512GB.
Capacitive Touch Screen Technology
Capacitive touch screen technology is a popular and durable technology that is used in a wide range of applications. It has a higher clarity than resistive technology, but it only responds to finger contact and will not work with a gloved hand or pen stylus. A capacitive touch screen consists of a glass panel with a capacitive (charge storing) material coating its surface. Circuits located at corners of the screen measure the capacitance of a person touching the overlay.
Limitations of capacitive touch screen technology:
- Can not be used with a gloved hand
- Can not be used with stylus
- Requires periodic recalibration
- Often retrofitted to standard non-touch LCD monitors which may not be as stable when touched
- Not usually fitted to monitors when applications require dust, water, scratch or impact resistance
Popular Brands that often use capacitive touch screen technology:
- 3M Microtouch
Resistive Touch Screen Technology
Resistive touch screen technology consists of a glass or acrylic panel that is coated with electrically conductive and resistive layers. The thin layers are separated by invisible separator dots. When operating, an electrical current moves through the screen. When pressure is applied to the screen the layers are pressed together, causing a change in the electrical current and a touch is registered.
Although clarity is less than with other touch screen types, resistive screens can be highly accurate and have the advantage of being pressure sensitive so it responds to any input device, including finger, gloved hand, or pen stylus
Resistive touch screen technology is the most cost effective technology on the market today. It is recommended when budgets do not allow more robust solutions.
Limitations of resistive touch screen technology:
- Can be relatively easily damaged by scratching
- Can be relatively easily damaged by poking
- Can be relatively easily damaged by impact
- Not recommended for public access applications
- Requires periodic recalibration
- Can wear through regular use over time
Popular Brands that often use resistive touch screen technology:
SAW Touch Screen Technology
Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) touch screen technology is based on sending acoustic waves across a clear glass panel with a series of transducers and reflectors. When a finger touches the screen, the waves are absorbed, causing a touch event to be detected at that point.
Like infrared technology, the panel is all glass, so there are no layers that can be worn, or damaged over time. This makes SAW touch screen technology highly durable and suitable for applications where high clarity is desired.
SAW touch screen technology is recommended for public information kiosks and other high traffic indoor environments.
In Australia SAW technology is usually one of the more expensive technologies. Since there are few applications where it is superior to infrared, infrared is more often the recommended solution where high durability and screen clarity is required.
Limitations of SAW Touch Screen Technology
- Must be touched by finger, gloved hand, or soft-tip stylus. Something hard like a pen, credit card or finger nail won’t work
- Can be affected by large amounts of dirt, dust, and / or water in the environment.
- Relatively expensive in comparison to other technologies
Popular Brands that often use SAW Touch Screen Technology:
Infrared touch screen technology
Infrared technology uses a small frame around the display with LED’s and photo receptors hidden behind an infrared transparent bezel. The controller pulses the LED’s to create a grid of IR light beams. A touch obstructs the beams which identifies the X and Y coordinates.
TouchScreen Solutions supplies all popular touch screen technologies. For most applications, if the budget allows we recommend infrared technology. Whilst this technology is more expensive to produce than others, it is generally a more robust and preferred solution.
Benefits of infrared technology:
- Can be scaled to any size without losing resolution
- Calibration stability – no touch point drift
- High clarity and light transmission
- High chemical, scratch, breakage, and liquid resistance
- High sealability from dust and liquids
- Touch can be activated by anything including finger, gloved hand, or stylus
- High durability since a touch is only interrupting light beams
Popular brands that often use infrared touch screen technology: